System and School Improvement is how the state supports districts and schools that have been identified for improvement (e.g. Comprehensive, Targeted, RAD, etc.) by state and federal accountability processes. The goal of System and School Improvement is to provide technical assistance, resources, and support in collaboration with internal and external partners to these identified school. Schools are identified for three tiers of support, Tiers I, II, or II, and is based on need.
ESSA is a requirement of the 2015 reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965 and replaced the No Child Left Behind Act in December 2015. The ESSA cycle is a three year cycle in which schools throughout Washington State are identified for supports based on various measures of student performance and school quality using Washington State Improvement Framework (WSIF) measures. School year 2020-21 is the third year of the current ESSA cycle; 2021-2022 is the first year of the next ESSA cycle.
WSIF utilizes several measures of student growth and proficiency, as well as measures of school quality including regular attendance, ninth graders on track to graduation, and dual credit. Schools are provided supports based on measures across three tiers. School improvement data information can be found on the Washington State Board of Education website.
- Comprehensive: Schools at this level receive the most intensive supports, including coaching, priority access to professional development opportunities, and additional funding, among others.
- Targeted: Schools at this level receive less intensive supports that are targeted toward specific areas. For example, increased access to content specialists and learning communities.
- Foundational: Schools at this level receive focused, collaborative, self-directed support in just one or two areas.
At Tier III, provided resources support schools identified for comprehensive support (Comprehensive and Comprehensive Low Graduation Rate).
At Tier II, provided resources support schools identified for specific student group supports (Targeted 3+ and English Language Progress).
At Tier I, provided resources support all schools working on continuous improvement, including systemic and targeted School Quality and Student Support (SQSS) efforts (Foundational).
These School Improvement Resources are a useful repository of visuals, guides, and FAQs pertaining to school improvement supports and contains information related to iGrants, School Improvement Plans (SIPs), Needs Assessments, and more!
Access pertinent and relevant data regarding system and school improvement. Available data and resources include: Washington School Improvement Framework, the Washington State Report Card, and the Data Portal.