Federal Laws, Regulations and Guidance
The content below is designed to highlight several of the key statutes that govern Title I, Part A and the Learning Assistance Program. Not every federal and state law related to these programs is detailed or outlined here. Instead, we focus on several specific areas of law and regulation that address compliance - areas of administrative and legislative law with which many districts struggle.
CFR and OMB-87 │ Private Schools
Elementary & Secondary Education Act (ESEA) supports equal access to
education, and establishes standards for state, district and school
performance and accountability. The ESEA also authorizes and funds
education programs, which the states administer. Title I, Part A is one
of these federal education programs. Districts and schools use this
supplemental funding to serve the unique needs of children -
kindergarten to grade 12 - who struggle to learn.
Laws and Regulations
- EDGAR - Education Dept. General Administrative Regulations & Other Applicable Grant Regulations
Part 80 (Administrative Requirements for Grants) and Part 76 (State-administered Programs) are two important components of EDGAR that frame the way districts and schools design Title I, Part A programs.
- Schoolwide Programs are designed to upgrade the entire educational program of a school that serves an eligible school attendance area in which "not less than 40 percent of the children are from low-income families, or not less than 40 percent of the children enrolled in the school are from such families".
- Targeted Assistance Programs (ESEA Section 1115) are designed to provide services to eligible children identified as having the greatest need for special assistance.
Schoolwide | Targeted Assistance | Family/Community Engagement
Community Eligibility Provision
Fiscal — Maintenance of Effort, Comparability, Supplement Not Supplant, Carryover, Consolidate funds in Schoolwide Programs, Grantback
Code of Federal Regulations - Key Areas of Administrative Law
34 CFR 200.41 through 43
Federal regulations that govern school improvement, corrective action and restructuring
34 CFR 200.44 and 45
Federal regulations that govern public school choice and supplemental education services
OMB A-87 Revised
Here are the principles and standards that determine how to expend federal award money - grants, cost reimbursement contracts, and other agreements with state and local governments and federally-recognized Indian tribal governments.
OMB A-87 Revised | Basic Guidelines | Direct Costs | Indirect Costs
On December 26, 2013, the federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) issued rules that combine several OMB Circulars into one document titled “Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principals, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards.”
Memorandum No. 007-15 Office of Management and Budget – Uniform Grant Guidance.
Here are 6 key areas of administrative law - Code of Federal Regulations - that
govern how districts and private school staff work together to deliver programs
34 CFR 200.10 through 200.67
- State Assessment
- District Responsibilities
- Determine Equitable Participation
- Funds to Not Benefit Private Schools
- Property, Equipment & Supplies
Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) on ED.gov
ESEA index | Private school sections
Office of Non-Public Education - Liaison to the nonpublic school community
Uniform Provisions (PDF): Title IX, Part E Equitable Services to Eligible Private School Students, Teachers, and Other Educational Personnel, revised March 2009 is the non-regulatory guidance that covers:
Title I, Part A
Non-regulatory Guidance, 2003 (MSWord) for the delivery of services to private schools funded through Title I, Part A.
Title IV - Carl D. Perkins
Non-regulatory Guidance (PDF) &
Carl D. Perkins CTE Act (U.S. Dept. of Education)