Restraint and Isolation Data Reporting
As per Substitute House Bill 1240 (2015-16), the Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI) is publishing information relative to data reporting for Restraint or Isolation of Students.
HB 1240 amended RCW 28A.600.485 and expanded the prohibition of restraint and isolation to all students. It allows restraint or isolation of any student only when “reasonably necessary to control spontaneous behavior that poses an imminent likelihood of serious harm, as defined in RCW 70.96B.010.” The provisions of the bill apply only to incidents of restraint or isolation which occur while a student is participating in school-sponsored instruction or activities. As a result of the legislation, the data collection around incidents of restraint or isolation is neither a Special Education nor a Discipline collection, but rather a school safety-related data collection.
By January 1st annually, each school district is required to summarize the written reports of restraint and isolation of any student and submit the summaries to the Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction. Within ninety days of receipt, OSPI is required to publish the summary data on its website. For this collection, the district shall report the following data for each school:
- Number of individual incidents of restraint and isolation,
- Number of students involved in the incidents,
- Number of injuries to students and staff,
- Types of restraint or isolation used.
Restraint – Physical intervention or force used to control a student, including the use of a restraint device to restrict a student's freedom of movement. It does not include appropriate use of a prescribed medical, orthopedic, or therapeutic device when used as intended, such as to achieve proper body position, balance, or alignment, or to permit a student to safely participate in activities.
Isolation – Restricting the student alone within a room or any other form of enclosure, from which the student may not leave. It does not include a student's voluntary use of a quiet space for self-calming, or temporary removal of a student from his or her regular instructional area to an unlocked area for purposes of carrying out an appropriate positive behavior intervention plan.
Restraint device – A device used to assist in controlling a student, including but not limited to metal handcuffs, plastic ties, ankle restraints, leather cuffs, other hospital-type restraints, pepper spray, tasers, or batons. Restraint device does not mean a seat harness used to safely transport students. This section shall not be construed as encouraging the use of these devices.
RCW 28A.600.485 includes a reporting requirement for the 2016–17 school year. By January 2018, each school district is required to submit summary data to OSPI. Districts are required to report annually each school year.
For each school, the school district shall include:
- The number of individual incidents of restraint and isolation:
This number will reflect the total number of incidents requiring restraint and those requiring isolation of any student. This is an aggregation of the written reports described above.
- Unduplicated student counts:
The unduplicated number of any and all students, with or without either IEPs or 504 plans, who required restraint or isolation.
- The number of injuries to students and staff:
The number of staff with an injury(s) which resulted from the restraint and/or isolation itself. The number of students with an injury(s) which resulted from the restraint and/or isolation itself. These numbers will not include other injuries which may have resulted from the incident.
- The types of restraint or isolation used:
The collection tool includes a drop down menu with possible methods of restraint and a text box to identify types or locations of isolation.
If there were no incidents requiring the use of restraint or isolation of any student in any schools within a school district, that data is also captured in the collection. Any disciplinary actions which may have followed a situation requiring restraint or isolation are reported separately through the discipline collection process.
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