School Safety Center

School Safety & Security Related RCWs & WACs

Washington State K-12 schools are regulated according to the Revised Code of Washington (RCW) which are laws passed by the Legislature; and, by the Washington Administrative Codes (WAC) which are rules put in place to enact applicable legislation. The following is a list of the main RCWs and WACs affecting areas of school safety & security.

School Safety Planning

Bullying – HIB

Emotional or Behavioral Distress-Suicide Plans

Firearms & Weapons on School Grounds

Gang Activity in Schools

  • RCW 28A.600.455 - Gang activity – Suspension or expulsion
  • RCW 9A.46.120 - Criminal Gang Intimidation
  • RCW 9.94A.030 – Definitions: criminal street gangs, gang membership, gang-related offenses.
  • RCW 28A.225.225 - Applications from Non-Resident Students
  • RCW 28A.320.490 - Task force on gangs in schools

Juvenile Sex Offenders in Schools

  • RCW 9A.44.130 – Law enforcement notification of schools
  • WAC 392-400-295 - Emergency expulsion – limitations

Locker Searches

Suicide - Troubled Youth

  • RCW 28A.320.127 Plan for screening and response to emotional or behavioral distress
  • RCW 28A.320.1271 Model school district plan for recognition, initial screening and response to emotional or behavioral distress

Threat Assessment

  • RCW 28A.320.128 Threats of violence; Notice and disclosure policies - Student conduct
  • RCW 13.04.155 Notification to school principal of conviction, adjudication, or diversion
  • RCW 9A.04.110 Definition of "Threat"
  • RCW 9A.46 Harassment
  • RCW 28A.225.330 Enrolling students from other districts
  • RCW 13.40.215 Juveniles found to have committed violent or sex offense or
  • RCW 9.41.280 Possessing dangerous weapons on school facilities

Tobacco, Alcohol, Drugs

Transportation

Additional Information: Special Education, Disabilities, and Privacy Compliance

  • Issues around school safety often impact students with disabilities.
  • Special Education – RCW 28A.155: Special Education laws ensure that all children with disabilities have the opportunity for an appropriate education.
  • ADA: The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) makes it possible for everyone with a disability to live a life of freedom and equality, and is the first comprehensive declaration of equality for people with disabilities.
  • FERPA: The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) is a Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. FERPA FAQs - http://familypolicy.ed.gov/faq-page?src=ferpa
  • HIPAA: The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) is to ensure that individuals’ health information is properly protected while allowing the flow of health information needed to provide and promote high quality health care and to protect the public's health and well-being

Model Policies / Procedures



Questions?
Contact the Safety Center
360-725-6044

Safety Center

   Updated 10/16/2015

Old Capitol Building, PO Box 47200, 600 Washington St. S.E., Olympia, WA  98504-7200  360-725-6000  TTY 360-664-3631
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