Sexual Health Education
Districts that choose to offer sexual health education must comply with the Healthy Youth Act, which is based on the legislature’s finding “that young people should have the knowledge and skills necessary to build healthy relationships, and to protect themselves from unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV infection.” The law defines comprehensive sexual health education that is age-appropriate, medically accurate and evidence-informed.
- Advocates for Youth – sex education resource center, fact sheets, tools, data on evidence-informed and exemplary sexual health education, school health equity, and training.
- “The Case for Condom Education,” ACT for Youth Center of Excellence (2016).
- The Center for Sex Education – sponsors a national professional conference and develops resources.
- Exemplary Sexual Health Education (ESHE) – Rationale and definitions from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
- Future of Sex Education (FoSE) – national initiative providing resources to support sexuality education, including National Sexuality Education Standards and teacher preparation standards.
- Healthy Teen Network – resources for school-based sexual health education, including tip sheets, tool kits, professional development and other resources.
- Let’s Talk: Teens, Sexuality & Media (College of Education - University of Washington) – media literacy resources for educators and parents.
- Peer Education Institute – resources and support for the development of sexual health peer education groups.
- ReCAPP (Resource Center for Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention) – evidenced-based resources, tools, research summaries on sexuality education programs.
- Sex and HIV Education Programs for Youth: Their Impact and Important Characteristics (PDF) – 2006 report summarizing research on effective sexuality education.
- Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS) – resources, tools and policy information on sexuality education.
- WISE (Working to Institutionalize Sex Education) – national initiative providing resources and a tool kit to support schools in implementing sexuality education.
Instructional Materials, Scope and Sequence, Reviews, Standards
- WA Health and Physical Education K-12 Standards
- Developing a Scope and Sequence for Sexual Health Education from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
- Health and Physical Education Booklist, District of Columbia Office of the State Superintendent of Education. Annotated list, K-12, aligned with DC Health Standards, Common Core and Next Generation Science Standards, includes sexual health titles.
- Instructional Materials Reviews and Supports – tools for assessing curricula for use in WA schools, curriculum review reports.
- Sexual Health Education - Non-fictions Texts – elementary and secondary book list aligned with WA sexual health education Student Learning Outcomes (see Health and Physical Education K-12 Standards).
- School-Based Sexual Health Education Guidance Tool, ETR – curriculum planning tool offering a step-by-step process for implementing an effective curriculum.
- Advocates for Youth – free online K-12 Sexual Health Education curriculum (Rights, Respect, Responsibility), aligned with National Sexuality Education Standards.
- Public Health Seattle & King County – free sexual health education curriculum for teachers in King County, WA (FLASH), aligned with National Health Standards and National Sexuality Education Standards. Available for purchase by schools outside King County.
- Teaching Tolerance – lesson plans and other resources to promote diversity, equity and justice in the classroom. Includes K-12 lesson plans on a variety of sexual health topics: family, gender equity, gender expression, school climate, sexual orientation.
Evidence-Based and Evidence-Informed Programs
Washington state law requires annual HIV/AIDS Prevention Education beginning no later than grade 5 (AIDS Omnibus Act).
- Advocates for Youth – fact sheets and resources, including sponsorship of National Youth HIV & AIDS Awareness Day
- AIDS Alliance for Children, Youth & Families – education, training, advocacy, resources.
- AIDSinfo (U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services) – education materials and information primarily related to medical treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS
- AIDSvu.org – interactive maps with local/state data on HIV and AIDS, links to testing sites and resources.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) – resources, data, policy reports, training, research
- HIV.gov (U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services) – resources on prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS, including “Tools to Promote Gender Responsiveness in HIV Prevention Programs for Women and Girls”
- What Works in Youth HIV (DHHS Office of Adolescent Health) – data and resources related to sexual health and HIV information/education.
- 2011 Guidelines for Implementation of School Employee Training on HIV/AIDS and Other Bloodborne Pathogens
- 30 Years of AIDS Moments to Remember: A Slideshow from CNN.com
Research shows that positive communication between parents and their children can help young people establish individual values and make healthy decisions. A major study showed that adolescents who reported feeling connected to parents and their family were more likely than other teens to delay initiating sexual intercourse. Confident, loving parent-child communication leads to improved contraceptive and condom use, improved communication about sex, and fewer sexual risk behaviors among adolescents. (from “Parent-Child Communication: Promoting Sexually Healthy Youth,” Advocates for Youth)
- Advocates for Youth – communication tips, fact sheets and articles
- AMAZE - videos for parents and youth
- Healthy Teen Network – tips for parent-child communication on pornography and other topics.
- I Wanna Know! (American Sexual Health Association) – “Be an Askable Parent” resources
- Let’s Talk: Teens, Sexuality & Media (College of Education - University of Washington) – media literacy resources for educators and parents
- Let's Talk Month - a national public education campaign held each October to encourage parent/child communication about sexual health.
- National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy - fact sheets, data and videos on communication, including some resources in Spanish.
- No Mas – resources for parents (“Start Talking: About Healthy Communication; About Healthy Relationships; About Healthy Sexuality”), in English and Spanish
- PFLAG – support, publications and toolkits for families and friends of LGBTQ youth
- Planned Parenthood – fact sheets and communication tips
- Possibilities for Change – book, tips and videos on communication
- Stop Sexual Assault in Schools – resources and video for parents, students and community organizations (“Sexual Harassment: Not in Our School”)
- "The Talk: How Adults Can Promote Young People's Healthy Relationships and Prevent Misogyny and Sexual Harassment," Making Caring Common Project, Harvard Graduate School of Education.
Safe and Supportive Schools
Safe and Supportive Schools - All students deserve to learn about all subjects in settings that are safe and supportive, free from sexual violence, bullying and harassment. Providing a safe learning climate is especially important when teaching sexual health education.
Dating Violence/Sexual Assault Prevention
- "100 Conversations: Promoting Respect, Consent, and Healthy Relationships both On- and Off-line," from The Power of Prevention.
- Dating Matters, free, online course from the CDC, available to secondary educators, school personnel, youth mentors, and others dedicated to improving teen health and reducing teen dating violence. Follow a school administrator throughout his day as he highlights what teen dating violence is and how to prevent it through graphic novel scenarios, interactive exercises, and information gathered from leading experts.
- Futures Without Violence – resources to prevent teen dating violence, sex trafficking and sexual assault; includes resources for high school coaches and athletic directors, professional development events, toolkits and more.
- National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments provides resources on how to create and maintain positive school climate, including a "Safe Place to Learn" resource package, focused on eliminating peer-to-peer sexual harassment and violence.
- School Safety Center, OSPI – resources on sexual violence prevention, internet safety, sex trafficking, etc.
- WA State Coalition Against Domestic Violence – resources, including a teen dating violence prevention curriculum
Support for LGBTQ Students
- “Best Practices: Creating an LGBT-Inclusive School Climate” and other school climate resources (Teaching Tolerance)
- “Furthering the Adaptation and Implementation of LGBTQ-Inclusive Sexuality” Education, from Trust for America's Health, includes summaries of research and data, as well as concrete ideas for providing inclusive education.
- Gender Identity and Expression in Schools – guidance on laws and policies for WA State schools, students and families (OSPI Equity and Civil Rights)
- Gender, Sexuality, and Inclusive Sex Education - tip sheet and other resources (Healthy Teen Network)
- Resolution on the Recognition of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer/Questioning (LGBTQ) Individuals as a Protected Class National PTA resolution encourages states "to incorporate standards regarding age-appropriate, medically accurate and culturally sensitive information on LGBTQ issues into existing health and other appropriate curricula."
- Safe Schools Coalition provides speakers, trainers, resources and intervention services in support of LGBTQ students in WA
- "Safe Space Kit: Guide to Being an Ally to LGBT Students," and other resources, GLSEN.
- School Safety Center, OSPI – resources to support LGBTQ students.
- School Safety and Educational Opportunity for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and Questioning (LGBTQ) Students" American Federation of Teachers resolution recognizing higher rates of violence and hostile school environments among this population of students
- "Schools in Transition: A Guide for Supporting Transgender Students in K-12 Schools," NEA, ACLU, HRC, NCLR and Gender Spectrum.
- Teaching Transgender Toolkit, a facilitator's guide to increasing knowledge, decreasing prejudice, and building skills. From ETR, Planned Parenthood of the Southern Finger Lakes, and Out for Health.
- TransActive Gender Center - based in Portland, provides resources and training to schools and other organizations in order to meet the needs of gender diverse youth and families.
- Transgender Students in Schools: Frequently Asked Questions and Answers for Public School Boards and Staff, 2016, National School Boards Association (NSBA).
- Welcoming Schools, professional development program that promotes respectful and supportive elementary schools by providing training and resources.
Sexual Health Services
Helping students change risk behaviors requires providing information, skills, motivation and access to services. Youth in Washington have the right to confidential, youth-friendly sexual health services in the school or community setting.
- Addressing Sexual Health in Schools: Policy Considerations, from Advocates for Youth, addresses sexual health education and access to sexual health services.
- American Public Health Association's Center for School, Health and Education provides resources for and about school-based health centers
- Keys to Youth-Friendly Services: Adopting a Sex Positive Approach, International Planned Parenthood Federation.
- Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) – data, resources and recommendations for schools and parents.
- National Coalition of STD Directors - resources for education agencies to increase student access to sexual health services.
- Providing Health Care to Minors under Washington Law: A summary of health care services that can be provided to minors without parental consent,” Columbia Legal Services.
- School-Based Health Alliance – resources and training to support school-based health care
- Sex Etc. , website, magazine and other resources, written by teens, for teens, sponsored by Answer and Rutgers University.
- Youth-Friendly Services Assessment Tool and Guide, and other resources, Healthy Teen Network.
- What Helps in Providing Contraceptive Services for Teens, National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy.