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Equity and Civil Rights

Civil Rights Laws
Discrimination, Harassment and Discriminatory Harassment

Discrimination and Protected Classes
Discrimination is the unfair or unequal treatment of a person or a group because they are part of a defined group, known as a protected class.
Protected class refers to a group of people who share common characteristics, and who are protected from discrimination and harassment under federal and state laws. In Washington, discrimination based on these protected classes is prohibited.

  • Sex
  • Race and color
  • Religion and creed
  • National origin
  • Sexual orientation
  • Gender identity and gender expression
  • Disability and the use of a trained dog guide or service animal
  • Honorably discharged veteran or military status

Guidelines: Prohibiting Discrimination in Washington Public Schools
These guidelines can help school districts understand their obligations under these civil rights laws.

 


Age
Federal Law
Age Discrimination Act of 1975 (34 C.F.R. Part 110)

Washington State Law
Chapter 49.60 RCW — Washington Law Against Discrimination.
Note: OSPI does not have authority to enforce this law—complaints can be made to the Human Rights Commission.

 


Disability
Federal Law
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (34 C.F.R. Part 104)
Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (28 C.F.R. Part 35) Applies to public entities with 50 or more employees.

Washington State Law
Chapter 28A.642 RCW | Chapter 392-190 WAC — Equal Educational Opportunity Law Chapter 49.60 RCW — Washington Law Against Discrimination

 


Gender Identity and Gender Expression
Federal Law
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (34 C.F.R. Part 106). Note: Title IX prohibits discrimination based on sex and sex-stereotyping, such as discrimination based on a person’s failure to conform to stereotypical notions of masculinity and femininity.

Washington State Law
Chapter 28A.642 RCW | Chapter 392-190 WAC — Equal Educational Opportunity Law
Chapter 49.60 RCW — Washington Law Against Discrimination

 


National Origin
These laws also protect students and families with limited-English proficiency.
Federal Law
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (34 C.F.R. Part 100)
Executive Order 13166
Title IV of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. §2000c, et seq.)
Equal Educational Opportunities Act of 1974 (20 U.S.C. §1701, et seq.)
Employment Discrimination: Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (34 C.F.R. Part 106)

Washington State Law
Chapter 28A.642 RCW | Chapter 392-190 WAC — Equal Educational Opportunity Law
Chapter 49.60 RCW | WAC 162-28-040 — Washington Law Against Discrimination

 


Race
Federal Law
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (34 C.F.R. Part 100)
Title IV of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. §2000c, et seq.)
Employment Discrimination: Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (34 C.F.R. Part 106)

Washington State Law
Chapter 28A.642 RCW | Chapter 392-190 WAC — Equal Educational Opportunity Law
Chapter 49.60 RCW — Washington Law Against Discrimination

 


Religion/Creed
Federal Law
Title IV of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. §2000c, et seq.)
Employment: Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (34 C.F.R. Part 106)

Washington State Law
Washington State Constitution, Article I, sections 5 and 11
Chapter 28A.600.025 RCW — Students' rights of religious expression — Duty of superintendent of public instruction to inform school districts.
Chapter 28A.642 RCW | Chapter 392-190 WAC — Equal Educational Opportunity Law
Chapter 49.60 RCW — Washington Law Against Discrimination

 


Sex
Federal Law
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (34 C.F.R. Part 106)
Title IV of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. §2000c, et seq.)
Employment: Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (34 C.F.R. Part 106)

Washington State Law
Chapter 28A.640 RCW | Chapter 392-190 WAC — Equal Educational Opportunity Law
Chapter 49.60 RCW — Washington Law Against Discrimination

 


Sexual Orientation
Federal Law
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (34 C.F.R. Part 106). Note: Title IX prohibits discrimination based on sex and sex-stereotyping, such as discrimination based on a person’s failure to conform to stereotypical notions of masculinity and femininity.
Washington State Law
Chapter 28A.642 RCW | Chapter 392-190 WAC — Equal Educational Opportunity Law
Chapter 49.60 RCW — Washington Law Against Discrimination

 


Veteran/Military Status
Washington State Law
Chapter 28A.642 RCW | Chapter 392-190 WAC — Equal Educational Opportunity Law
Chapter 49.60 RCW — Washington Law Against Discrimination 


Questions?
equity@k12.wa.us
360-725-6162

FAX: 360-664-2967
TTY: 360-664-3631

 

   Updated 6/1/2016

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